The wealthiest Egyptian people slept on the beds made of expensive materials, such as ivory, silver or gold. Their beds were not in a horizontal position, as a single bed is positioned today. The headboard was much higher. The stands made of wood were used instead of pillows. As for the poor people, they slept on the podiums made of stone or plank. These podiums were covered with leaves or hay.
There was also no such thing as a bedroom. People slept closer to the source of heat in winter and anywhere in the house in summer. In ancient China, the sleep comfort and warmth was achieved by self-heating. The beds of ancient Greece were made of bronze. These beds were decorated with rich ornaments and precious stones. The beds were not only used for sleeping, but for resting after meal and business negotiations as well. The same bed could be used for carrying the dead. Bronze beds were used by the nobility of ancient Rome, too. As for the slaves and children, they slept on the wooden chairs. However, the beds of ancient Egypt were very similar to modern beds. They were surely far from those beds that are used today.
Up until the XIX century, people were sleeping in the same bed with the servants and children. A personal single bed was not available to everyone. Pajamas or special clothes for sleeping were not available as well. Therefore, everyone slept naked, so as not to damage the material. At that time, the only attribute of sleep was a special hat or cap. Its function was to protect the hair from insects and from the devil. People believed that the devil could get to the head through the sinner’s ear. That’s why the beds were so high that people had to use a ladder to climb up the bed. Such beds were equipped with a lot of featherbeds for extra softness.
The beds of medieval Europe were nothing like a modern single bed. For instance, people of medieval Germany protected themselves from supernatural forces and insects with a help of bed-closets. Such furniture was equipped with doors that were closed during sleep, and only a small window for a face was open. People believed that such furniture could protect them from demons. The bed was the bride’s dowry. The dowry included linen and other essentials. Some beds were never used. Others were used as a decoration or as the ceremonial beds. The courtesans of XIX century tried to pick up the most luxurious beds. A single bed could cost as much as 100,000 francs or even more. The total area of such bed could cover 10 square meters.